FAQ: Which European Power Created Two Viceroyalties In The New World?

Which European power created a trading post empire?

“Trading post empire” and cartaz pass system: Unlike the Spanish annexation of large tracts of land in the Americas, the Portuguese only seized this string of ports, creating what is known as a “trading post empire.” From these ports, they tried to create a monopoly by forcing merchants (at the barrel of a cannon) to

Which European country was the first to engage in exploration into the Atlantic?

Under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal took the principal role during most of the fifteenth century in searching for a route to Asia by sailing south around Africa. In the process, the Portuguese accumulated a wealth of knowledge about navigation and the geography of the Atlantic Ocean.

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What was the chief motivation for Frenchmen who came to the New World?

They wanted to learn about Christianity from the Spaniards. They were unaware that the Spanish were advancing on their territory.

What country did Spain unsuccessfully try to invade in 1588?

In response, King Philip II of Spain (1527-1598) assembled an armada that tried unsuccessfully to invade England in 1588 and make it a Catholic country again.

Where did European traders established their trading post?

Under the leadership of Samuel de Champlain, the French established trading posts at Acadia in 1604–05 and Quebec in 1608.

Which country took the lead in conquering the Americas?

By the seventeenth century, the English had taken the lead in colonizing North America, establishing settlements all along the Atlantic coast and in the West Indies.

Who benefited the most from the first global economic system who lost the most?

The individuals who lost the most from the advent of a global economy were the African and American peoples. As colonies were established, epidemics and slavery became widespread.

Did the Portuguese discover America?

And the first voyage had to have occurred prior to 1492. BEFORE 1492 presents a compelling argument, based upon known historical facts and reasonable scientific deductions, that Portuguese mariners discovered America at least a decade before Columbus set sail on the Santa María, Niña and Pinta.

Who led the way in European exploration at first?

– portugal led the way in european exploration due to their maritime innovations. prince henry the navigator: the 1st european monarch to sponsor seafaring expeditions, to search for an all-water route to east as well as for african gold.

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Why were Portugal and Spain rivals?

The rivalry between Spain and Portugal in the “Age of Discovery” caused Spain, a rising power, to seek a new route to Asia like the one Portugal had found around the southern tip of Africa. This led Spain to be receptive to the claims of Christoper Columbus that he could get to India by sailing west.

How was the rivalry between the two European colonial powers peacefully resolved?

On June 7, 1494, the governments of Spain and Portugal agreed to the Treaty of Tordesillas, named for the city in Spain in which it was created. The Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the “New World” of the Americas between the two superpowers.

Were Spain and Portugal rivals?

Portugal and Spain had been rival sea powers as early as the 14th century. Portugal initially was in a position to explore the area facing the Atlantic and adjacent to the African coasts. This prompted Prince Henry to send expeditions farther south along the African coast.

Who destroyed the Spanish Armada?

That April, the Queen authorized Francis Drake to make a preemptive strike against the Spanish. After sailing from Plymouth with a small fleet, Drake launched a surprise raid on the Spanish port of Cadiz and destroyed several dozen of the Armada’s ships and over 10,000 tons of supplies.

Why did the English beat the Spanish Armada?

The Armada was difficult to attack because it sailed in a ‘crescent’ shape. While the Armada tried to get in touch with the Spanish army, the English ships attacked fiercely. However, an important reason why the English were able to defeat the Armada was that the wind blew the Spanish ships northwards.

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How many English ships were in the Spanish Armada?

The English fleet consisted of the 34 ships of the Royal Fleet, 21 of which were galleons of 200 to 400 tons, and 163 other ships, 30 of which were of 200 to 400 tons and carried up to 42 guns each. Twelve of the ships were privateers owned by Lord Howard of Effingham, Sir John Hawkins and Sir Francis Drake.

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