- 1 How are countries represented in the EU?
- 2 Who are the members of the European Union?
- 3 Who does the European Parliament represent?
- 4 What are the 4 main institutions of the EU?
- 5 Which is the most powerful EU institution?
- 6 Who controls the European Union?
- 7 Why is Norway not in the EU?
- 8 What countries have left the EU?
- 9 Which countries are not EU?
- 10 What power does the European Parliament have?
- 11 How much do European Parliament members earn?
- 12 Are EU members elected?
- 13 What are the main sources of EU law?
- 14 How does the EU work for dummies?
- 15 What is the difference between EU Commission and EU Council?
How are countries represented in the EU?
The EU is governed by the principle of representative democracy, with citizens directly represented at Union level in the European Parliament and Member States represented in the European Council and the Council of the EU. Citizens can also submit complaints and enquiries concerning the application of EU law.
Who are the members of the European Union?
The EU’s members are Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, and Sweden.
Who does the European Parliament represent?
The European Parliament (EP) is the legislative branch of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries.
What are the 4 main institutions of the EU?
The main European Institutions are: the European Council, the European Commission, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament.
Which is the most powerful EU institution?
The Commission is the most powerful institution in the EU but the Court of Justice is the most important. Discuss!
Who controls the European Union?
The European Council sets the EU’s overall political direction – but has no powers to pass laws. Led by its President – currently Charles Michel – and comprising national heads of state or government and the President of the Commission, it meets for a few days at a time at least twice every 6 months.
Why is Norway not in the EU?
Norway has high GNP per capita, and would have to pay a high membership fee. The country has a limited amount of agriculture, and few underdeveloped areas, which means that Norway would receive little economic support from the EU. The total EEA EFTA commitment amounts to 2.4% of the overall EU programme budget.
What countries have left the EU?
Three territories of EU member states have withdrawn: French Algeria (in 1962, upon independence), Greenland (in 1985, following a referendum) and Saint Barthélemy (in 2012), the latter two becoming Overseas Countries and Territories of the European Union.
Which countries are not EU?
The European countries that are not members of the EU:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina**
What power does the European Parliament have?
The Parliament is a co-legislator, it has the power to adopt and amend legislation and decides on the annual EU budget on an equal footing with the Council. It supervises the work of the Commission and other EU bodies and cooperates with national parliaments of EU countries to receive their input.
How much do European Parliament members earn?
Thus, since the 2009 elections, all MEPs receive a monthly pre-tax salary set at 38.5% of that of a judge at the European Court of Justice. As of July 1, 2019, the monthly salary is of €8,932.86, or just over €107,000 per year. MEPs also receive a general expenditure allowance of €4,563 per month.
Are EU members elected?
Until 2019, 751 MEPs were elected to the European Parliament, which has been directly elected since 1979. No other EU institution is directly elected, with the Council of the European Union and the European Council being only indirectly legitimated through national elections.
What are the main sources of EU law?
There are three sources of EU law: primary law, secondary law and supplementary law (see hierarchy of norms). The main sources of primary law are the treaties establishing the EU: the Treaty on the EU, the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU and and the Treaty on the European Atomic Energy Community — Euratom.
How does the EU work for dummies?
The European Union is based on the rule of law. This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU countries. The treaties are negotiated and agreed by all the EU Member States and then ratified by their parliaments or by referendum.
What is the difference between EU Commission and EU Council?
The Council of the European Union, known also as the ‘ Council of Ministers’, is the first of the EU’s two law-making bodies. Whereas the Commission represents the general interests of the European Union, the Council of the European Union represents the governments of the member states.