FAQ: Who Was The First European Explorer To Set Eyes On New Zealand?

Who was the first explorer to come to New Zealand?

The dutch explorer Abel Tasman is officially recognised as the first European to ‘discover’ New Zealand in 1642. His men were the first Europeans to have a confirmed encounter with Māori.

Who discovered New Zealand before James Cook?

The dutch explorer Abel Tasman is officially recognised as the first European to ‘discover’ New Zealand in 1642. His men were the first Europeans to have a confirmed encounter with Māori.

When did the Europeans start to settle in New Zealand?

Abel Tasman was the first of the European explorers known to have reached New Zealand, in December 1642.

Who was the first person to step foot on New Zealand?

The first Europeans known to reach New Zealand were the crew of Dutch explorer Abel Tasman who arrived in his ships Heemskerck and Zeehaen.

What if New Zealand was never colonized?

If New Zealand were never colonised, it would be uninhabited. The Maoris arrived from Polynesia in the 14th century and settled mainly in the North Island, and the British arrived in the early 19th century. Unlike Australia, New Zealand has no indigenous population dating from prehistory.

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Is New Zealand a British colony?

In 1840, when the Treaty of Waitangi was signed, New Zealand became a colony of Britain. At first it was a Crown colony, which meant it was ruled by a governor appointed by Britain – but European settlers wanted their own government.

What was New Zealand called before?

Hendrik Brouwer proved that the South American land was a small island in 1643, and Dutch cartographers subsequently renamed Tasman’s discovery Nova Zeelandia, from Latin, after the Dutch province of Zeeland. This name was later anglicised to “New Zealand”.

What diseases did the British bring to New Zealand?

However significant diseases were brought, including venereal infections, measles, influenza, typhoid fever (enteric fever), dysentery and tuberculosis.

What did the European settlers bring to New Zealand?

Early European explorers introduced a wide range of food plants to New Zealand, including wheat, maize, potatoes, cabbage and carrots. An American whaler introduced a variety of kūmara (sweet potato) that was larger than the kūmara Māori previously grew.

How did European settlement affect the Maori people?

The influx of settlers led to a demand for land, and from the 1840s Māori were under great pressure to sell their ancestral territories. Loss of Māori land – through confiscation following the 1860s wars, Crown purchase and the Native Land Court – led to the displacement of large numbers of Māori.

Did New Zealand have convicts?

Soon after it became a British colony, New Zealand began shipping the worst of its offenders across the Tasman Sea.

Why did the settlers come to New Zealand?

The first European to sight New Zealand was Dutch explorer Abel Tasman. He was on an expedition to discover a great Southern continent ‘Great South Land’ that was believed to be rich in minerals.

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Why was New Zealand discovered so late?

New Zealand was not colonised until 1,300 AD/CE because it was separated from Australia by the Tasman Sea, which is about 2,000 km across. The Indigenous Australians were not a seafaring people unlike the Polynesian ancestors of the Maori.

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