Often asked: Modern-day Indonesia Was Once A Colony Of Which European Country?

Was Indonesia a British colony?

From 1811 to 1815, Indonesia was administrated by the British. The British ruled the Malay Peninsula ( British Malaya) and Northern Borneo, while the Dutch controlled Java, Sumatra, and most of the Indonesian archipelago until the Japanese invasion in 1942.

When was Indonesia colonized by the Dutch?

The Dutch arrived in Indonesia in 1595 looking for natural resources and a place to take over.

What is the old name of Indonesia?

Indonesia was formerly known as the Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East Indies). 6

Is Indonesia a modern country?

Indonesia is a presidential, constitutional republic with an elected legislature. It has 34 provinces, of which five have special status. The country’s capital, Jakarta, is the world’s second-most populous urban area. Indonesia.

Republic of Indonesia Republik Indonesia ( Indonesian )
Ethnic groups Over 1,300 ethnic groups

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What was Indonesia like before colonization?

The archipelago we now know as Indonesia consisted of islands and estates ruled by various kingdoms and empires, sometimes living in peaceful coexistence while at other times being at state of war with each other. This vast archipelago lacked the sense of social and political unity that Indonesia has today.

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Who colonized Indonesia first?

The colonial period of Indonesia did not immediately start when the Dutch first arrived in the archipelago at the end of the 16th century. Instead, it was a slow process of political expansion that took centuries to reach the territorial boundaries of present-day Indonesia.

When did the Dutch lose control of Indonesia?

Local insurgents were suppressed and henceforth a huge slice of Dutch revenue came from the East Indies. The Japanese occupation was followed by a war of independence, and in 1949 the Dutch ceded control of the archipelago.

What race is Dutch Indonesian?

Who are the Indos? The Dutch – Indonesian or “ Indo ” belongs to a unique but somewhat unknown Eurasian diaspora in America. Their historical origins lie in Indonesia, or the Dutch East Indies, as it was known when it was an integral part of the Dutch colonial empire.

What spices did the Dutch want from Indonesia?

The Dutch were drawn to Indonesia in the late 1500s by the promise of immense profits in the lucrative spice trade. Cloves, nutmeg and mace – found only on a few volcanic islands in Indonesia – were luxury items in Medieval Europe. They were highly valued for their exotic flavours and perceived medicinal properties.

Who is king of Indonesia?

Indonesia

State Constituent Monarch
Indonesia Yogyakarta Sultan Hamengkubuwono X

What is the nickname of Indonesia?

Bumi Pertiwi or Ibu Pertiwi. This name means “Mother Earth,” suggesting the country and land is where the people were born. Indonesians also often refer their country as Tanah Air (literally soil and water), an idiomatic expression for “homeland.”

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What Indonesia is famous for?

20 Things Indonesia is famous for

  • 1) Bali.
  • ️ 2) Raja Ampat.
  • 3) Borobudur and Prambanan temples.
  • 4) Komodo dragon island.
  • 5) See orangutans in the wild.
  • 6) Nasi Goreng (Fried Rice)
  • ️ 7) Rica-rica.
  • ‍♀️ 8) Indonesian locals are very friendly.

Is Indonesia a poor or rich country?

Today, Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous nation, the world’s 10th largest economy in terms of purchasing power parity, and a member of the G-20. Furthermore, Indonesia has made enormous gains in poverty reduction, cutting the poverty rate by more than half since 1999, to 9.78% in 2020.

Is Indonesia a safe country?

There is a high risk of street crime, pick-pocketing and bag-snatching in tourist areas, such as Bali and Lombok, and foreign tourists are targeted. Tourists travelling alone, women and those travelling at night are at particular risk.

Is Indonesia an Islamic country?

Indonesia is a secular democratic country that has a Muslim -majority population. Religion in Indonesia.

Percentage share (of total population) Absolute numbers (in millions)
Muslim 87.2 207.2
Protestant 6.9 16.5
Catholic 2.9 6.9
Hindu 1.7 4.0

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