Often asked: Why Are There Two European Parliaments?

Why does the EU have two parliaments?

The EU’s national governments unanimously decided in 1992 to lay down in the EU treaty where the EU institutions are officially seated. Any change in the current system would need changing the treaty, which requires unanimity among all member states governments and ratification by each of their national parliaments.

How many European parliaments are there?

The European Parliament is the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union. It is 705 members, from 27 EU countries, in 7 political groups, representing 447 million people.

Why is there a European Parliament?

The European Parliament (EP) is one of three legislative branches of the European Union and one of its seven institutions. Together with the Council of the European Union, it adopts European legislation, commonly on the proposal of the European Commission. It likewise has equal control over the EU budget.

What is the difference between European Commission and European Parliament?

the European Parliament, which represents the EU’s citizens and is directly elected by them; the European Commission, which represents the interests of the Union as a whole.

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Why is Strasbourg considered the capital of Europe?

We started our day in Petite France which boasted beautiful canals and pristine houses. After World War II, Strasbourg stood as a symbol of reconciliation between peoples because of its ties to both Germany and France, making it a clear choice to be the European capital.

Is the EU wasteful?

5.2 tonnes of waste were generated per EU inhabitant in 2018. 38.5 % of waste were landfilled and 37.9 % were recycled in the EU in 2018.

Who is part of the European Parliament?

It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. The European Parliament decides upon EU legislation, including the multiannual budget, together with the Council of the European Union (EU Member State governments).

Is EU parliament democratic?

In the European Union, there are two sources of democratic legitimacy: the European Parliament, chosen by the electorates of the individual EU countries; and the Council of the European Union (the “Council of Ministers”), together with the European Council (of heads of national governments), that represent the peoples

How many British MEPs are there in the European Parliament?

The 8th European Parliament was elected across the European Union in the late days of May 2014 for the 2014–2019 session. The United Kingdom was apportioned to send 73 out of the 751 Member of the European Parliament (MEPs) that are listed below.

How much do European Parliament members earn?

Thus, since the 2009 elections, all MEPs receive a monthly pre-tax salary set at 38.5% of that of a judge at the European Court of Justice. As of July 1, 2019, the monthly salary is of €8,932.86, or just over €107,000 per year. MEPs also receive a general expenditure allowance of €4,563 per month.

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Why is EU based in Brussels?

As de facto capital of the European Union, the colours of the flag of Brussels were chosen to match those of the flag of Europe.

Are EU members elected?

Until 2019, 751 MEPs were elected to the European Parliament, which has been directly elected since 1979. No other EU institution is directly elected, with the Council of the European Union and the European Council being only indirectly legitimated through national elections.

Who is the European Commission accountable to?

Commissioners may be compulsorily retired by the Court of Justice, at the request of the Council or of the Commission itself, if they breach any of the above obligations or have been guilty of serious misconduct (Article 247 TFEU). The Commission is collectively accountable to Parliament under Article 234 TFEU.

Which is the most powerful EU institution?

The Commission is the most powerful institution in the EU but the Court of Justice is the most important. Discuss!

Who makes up the European Commission?

The Commission is composed of the College of Commissioners from 27 EU countries. Together, the 27 Members of the College are the Commission’s political leadership during a 5-year term. They are assigned responsibility for specific policy areas by the President.

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