Question: English Is Part Of Which Branch Of The Indo-european Family?

What are the 4 branches of Indo-European?

The Indo – European language family has four main living branches: Indo -Iranian, Balto-Slavic, Germanic, and Italic.

Is English a Indo-European language?

English belongs to the Indo – European family of languages and is therefore related to most other languages spoken in Europe and western Asia from Iceland to India. The parent tongue, called Proto- Indo – European, was spoken about 5,000 years ago by nomads believed to have roamed the southeast European plains.

What are the main groups of the Indo-European family of languages?

The Indo – European family is divided into several branches or sub- families, of which there are 8 groups with languages alive today: Albanian, Armenian, Balto-Slavic, Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Indo -Iranian and Italic and 7 extinct subdivisions.

How many branches divided the Indo-European languages?

Each subfamily or linguistic branch in this list contains many subgroups and individual languages. Indo – European language family has 10 known branches or subfamilies, of which eight are living and two are extinct.

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What is the oldest Indo European language?

Which Indo – European language is the oldest? The oldest attested Indo – European language is Hittite. There are records written in Hittite cuneiform from about 1650 BC (the Anitta text). Hittite loanwords and personal names have been found in Old Assyrian, dated as early as 2000 BC.

Is romance a language branch?

Romance languages, group of related languages all derived from Vulgar Latin within historical times and forming a subgroup of the Italic branch of the Indo-European language family. The major languages of the family include French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian, all national languages.

What is the first language in the world?

Ethnologue (2019, 22nd edition)

Rank Language Percentage of world pop. (March 2019)
1 Mandarin Chinese 11.922%
2 Spanish 5.994%
3 English 4.922%
4 Hindi (sanskritised Hindustani) 4.429%

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Are English and German related?

German and English belong to the West Germanic language family, a family that also includes Dutch, Afrikaans, Yiddish, Frisian amongst others. English and German both belong to the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. Because they are so closely related, they share many features.

What race is Indo European?

As we now use the word, Aryans are people who speak Aryan, or Indo – European, languages. It is only in a secondary way that this word can be used as an ethnological term, describing community of race.

What is the largest language family?

Based on speaker count, Indo-European and Sino-Tibetan are the largest two language families, with over 4.6 billion speakers between them. The two most spoken languages are in these families – English is classified as Indo-European, and Mandarin Chinese is classified as Sino-Tibetan.

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Why is it called Indo European?

Indo european, the term was derived for the language family, as we have indo persian, indo germanic and other language family roots. In 1813, Thomas Young called it Indoeuropean, reflecting the connection between Sanskrit and classic European languages. The Germans call it Indogermanisch.

What are the three main language families in Europe?

Out of a total European population of 744 million as of 2018, some 94% are native speakers of an Indo- European language; within Indo- European, the three largest phyla are Romance, Germanic, and Slavic with more than 200 million speakers each, between them accounting for close to 90% of Europeans.

Is Albanian a Slavic language?

Albanian is considered an isolate within the Indo-European language family; no other language has been conclusively linked to its branch. Although Albanian shares lexical isoglosses with Greek, Germanic, and to a lesser extent Balto- Slavic, the vocabulary of Albanian is quite distinct.

Is Magyar Indo-European?

Short answer to the question: No, Hungarian is not an Indo – European language. Next, there is a group of related languages called Finnic which includes Finnish, Estonian, and some minority languages of Russia. The groups of Finnic and Ugric are related and form the group of Ugro-Finnic languages.

Is Sanskrit a European language?

Sanskrit belongs to the Indo- European family of languages. It is one of the three earliest ancient documented languages that arose from a common root language now referred to as Proto-Indo- European language: Vedic Sanskrit ( c. 1500–500 BCE).

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