Question: What Significance Did Henry Ii’s Marriage To Eleanor Have For Future European Dynastic Holdings?

How did the kings of England benefit from Henry II’s judicial reforms group of answer choices?

How did Henry II’s six-year conflict with his archbishop, Thomas Becket, over whether churchmen were to submit to royal courts end? How did the kings of England benefit from Henry II’s judicial reforms? The fees and fines collected by the courts went into the kings treasury.

Why were the Cathars declared heretical while the Franciscans who were also concerned about the excess of wealth were not?

Why were the Cathars declared heretical, while the Franciscans, who were also concerned about the excess of wealth, were not? The Cathars challenged the legitimacy and spiritual authority of the church hierarchy, while the Franciscans did not.

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How was Scutage a sign of the expansion of the commercial economy?

How was scutage a sign of the expansion of the commercial economy? It transformed personal service into a cash payment. Imposing higher scutages and feudal dues on his vassals.

What was an important long term effect of the investiture conflict?

In the long term, the decline of imperial power would divide Germany until the 19th century. Similarly, in Italy, the Investiture Controversy weakened the emperor’s authority and strengthened local separatist forces. However, the papacy grew stronger from the controversy.

Which year did King Henry II start the system of Travelling justices?

In 1154, Henry II institutionalised common law by creating a unified court system ‘common’ to the country through incorporating and elevating local custom to the national level, ending local control, eliminating arbitrary remedies, and reinstating a jury system of citizens sworn on oath to investigate criminal

What is Gregorian chant most closely associated with?

Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic, unaccompanied sacred song in Latin (and occasionally Greek) of the Roman Catholic Church. Gregorian chant developed mainly in western and central Europe during the 9th and 10th centuries, with later additions and redactions.

Why did the Pax Mongolica come to an end quizlet?

Why did the “Pax Mongolica ” come to an end? Conflict between rival trading groups increased and violence broke out. After the 1340s, the economy of Europe was marked by: Silver shortages.

What name was given to those on the middle rung of the guild hierarchy in medieval Europe?

What name was given to those on the middle rung of the guild hierarchy in medieval Europe? Journeymen.

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What was the main cause for the economy to plunge in the 1300s?

Economic growth began to falter by the end of the 13th century, owing to a combination of over-population, land shortages and depleted soils.

What did the economy depend on during the Dark Ages in the West?

The foundation of the economy of the city at the time was agricultural. Besides standard crops, Rome’s agricultural products also included cloth and raw materials (like olives for oil and vineyards for wine).

How did medieval economy function?

Medieval Europe: Economic History. The economy of Medieval Europe was based primarily on farming, but as time went by trade and industry became more important, towns grew in number and size, and merchants became more important.

What were the causes and consequences of the Gregorian reform?

-The cause of Gregorian reform is that there is an issue who would be the leadership of the church. The consequence of this reform is that it began the great confrontation between Gregory and Henry that historians call the Investiture Conflict.

What was the result of the investiture controversy?

The question was who would control appointments of bishops ( investiture ). The controversy led to many years of bitterness and nearly fifty years of civil war in Germany. This war ended with the triumph of the great dukes and abbots, and the falling apart of the German empire in the end.

Why was the lay investiture question such a difficult issue to resolve?

Why was lay investiture question such a difficult issue to resolve? no clear boundary between where Church authority stopped and civil authority started. Why did the reforming Popes of this era need to retain control over the appointment of bishops? prone to corrupting the bishops.

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