Question: When Was Australia Discovered By European Explorers?

When did Europe discover Australia?

While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.

When was Australia discovered?

On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.

When was Australia discovered by the British?

Britain’s first contact with Australia came with Captain Cook’s voyage in the ship Endeavour. He landed in Australia in 1770 and claimed it as a British territory. The process of colonisation began in 1788.

Which three European countries raced to explore Australia from the 1600s?

The first Europeans to visit Australia were the Dutch. Willem Janszoon mapped part of the Gulf of Carpentaria in 1606 and was the first European to set foot on Australia soil. Janszoon was followed by Dirk Hartog in 1616 and Abel Tasman in 1642 and 1644. The Dutch named the west coast of Australia New Holland.

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When was the first Aboriginal killed?

1838. Myall Creek massacre – 10 June: 28 people killed at Myall Creek near Inverell, New South Wales. This was the first Aboriginal massacre for which white European and black African settlers were successfully prosecuted.

Is Australia still a British colony?

Australia is not directly under British rule, but it is nominally under British rule. Australia governs itself through its prime minister and its Governor General, but the Queen of Great Britain, Queen Elizabeth the 2nd, is still the monarch of Australia, though she doesn’t directly rule it.

What is the old name of Australia?

After British colonisation, the name New Holland was retained for several decades and the south polar continent continued to be called Terra Australis, sometimes shortened to Australia.

Did China discover Australia first?

There is no tangible evidence that Chinese explorers (or traders or any other Chinese for that matter) did land in Australia before the European exploration of the continent began.

Who named Australia?

Australia appears to have gradually been used in Britain from the late 1820s. So Commander Matthew Flinders officially named Australia, the name he first chose in 1804.

What did the English do to the Aboriginal?

British farming methods, like the use of wire fences, disrupted the traditional Australian way of life and led to further violence between British settlers and Aborigines. The introduction of sheep and rabbits devastated their environment, their food sources and hunting grounds.

Who found New Zealand?

The English navigator Captain James Cook sighted New Zealand on 6 October 1769, and landed at Poverty Bay two days later. He drew detailed and accurate maps of the country, and wrote about the Māori people.

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When did Australia stop being a British colony?

Australia became officially autonomous in both internal and external affairs with the passage of the Statute of Westminster Adoption Act on 9 October 1942. The Australia Act 1986 eliminated the last vestiges of British legal authority at the Federal level.

Why didn’t the French Colonise Australia?

French settlement in Australia was not to be, however, as the Napoleonic Wars prevented them from gaining a foothold, and after the country had recovered enough to start colonising once again, the entirety of Australia had been claimed by the British.

Who are some famous explorers of Australia?

Read their stories

  • Robert O’Hara Burke and William Wills. The first to successfully cross the continent from South to North.
  • Sir Charles Kingsford Smith.
  • Richard ‘Dick’ Smith AC.
  • Sir Douglas Mawson OBE.
  • Joseph Banks.
  • Matthew Flinders.
  • Ron and Valerie Taylor.
  • Charles Sturt.

Who was in Australia first?

Aboriginal Australians could be the oldest population of humans living outside of Africa, where one theory says they migrated from in boats 70,000 years ago. Australia’s first people—known as Aboriginal Australians —have lived on the continent for over 50,000 years.

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