Question: Which Branch Of The Indo-european Family Does English Fal Under?

What family does English belong to?

English belongs to the Indo-European family of languages and is therefore related to most other languages spoken in Europe and western Asia from Iceland to India.

What is the family branch and group of English?

English belongs to the Western group of the Germanic branch of the Indo-European language family. It is most closely related to Low German dialects and to Dutch.

What are the 4 branches of Indo-European?

Branches. The Indo – European language family has four main living branches: Indo -Iranian, Balto-Slavic, Germanic, and Italic.

Is English a branch of Latin?

British and American culture. English has its roots in the Germanic languages, from which German and Dutch also developed, as well as having many influences from romance languages such as French. (Romance languages are so called because they are derived from Latin which was the language spoken in ancient Rome.)

What language is closest to English?

Which Languages Are The Closest To English?

  • Closest Language: Scots. The closest language to English is arguably Scots.
  • Closest (Definitely Distinct) Language: Frisian.
  • Closest Major Language: Dutch.
  • Close Language: German.
  • Close Language: Norwegian.
  • Close Language: French.
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What is the first language in the world?

Ethnologue (2019, 22nd edition)

Rank Language Percentage of world pop. (March 2019)
1 Mandarin Chinese 11.922%
2 Spanish 5.994%
3 English 4.922%
4 Hindi (sanskritised Hindustani) 4.429%


What are the 14 language families?

Glottolog 4.0 (2019) lists the following as the largest families, of 8494 languages:

  • Atlantic–Congo (1,432 languages )
  • Austronesian (1,275 languages )
  • Indo-European (588 languages )
  • Sino-Tibetan (494 languages )
  • Afro-Asiatic (373 languages )
  • Nuclear Trans–New Guinea (314 languages )
  • Pama–Nyungan (248 languages )

What is a Protolanguage?

In the tree model of historical linguistics, a proto-language is a postulated once-spoken ancestral language from which a number of attested languages are believed to have descended by evolution, forming a language family. Proto-languages are usually unattested, or in some cases only partially attested.

How do you classify languages?

There are two kinds of classification of languages practiced in linguistics: genetic (or genealogical) and typological. The purpose of genetic classification is to group languages into families according to their degree of diachronic relatedness.

What is the oldest Indo European language?

Which Indo – European language is the oldest? The oldest attested Indo – European language is Hittite. There are records written in Hittite cuneiform from about 1650 BC (the Anitta text). Hittite loanwords and personal names have been found in Old Assyrian, dated as early as 2000 BC.

What is the largest language spoken in the Indo European family?

The Cornish language, however has less than 600 speakers. French and Italian have more than 50 million native speakers each. In total, 46% of the world’s population (3.2 billion) speaks an Indo – European language as a first language, by far the highest of any language family. Indo – European languages.

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Indo – European
Glottolog indo1319

Is romance a language branch?

Romance languages, group of related languages all derived from Vulgar Latin within historical times and forming a subgroup of the Italic branch of the Indo-European language family. The major languages of the family include French, Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, and Romanian, all national languages.

What is the hardest language to learn?

The Hardest Languages In The World To Learn

  • Mandarin. Right at the top is the most spoken language in the world: Mandarin.
  • Arabic. Number two, Arabic, challenges English speakers because most letters are written in 4 different forms depending on where they’re placed in a word.
  • Japanese.
  • Hungarian.
  • Korean.
  • Finnish.
  • Basque.
  • Navajo.

Is English older than German?

Both German and English are West Germanic languages. This means that before the Germanic invasion of Britain by the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes (from the 5th to the 7th century AD), depending on how you want to look at it, either German and English did not exist yet, or they were the same language.

What does Latin mean in English?

noun. Definition of Latin (Entry 2 of 2) 1: the Italic language of ancient Latium and of Rome and until modern times the dominant language of school, church, and state in western Europe — see Indo-European Languages Table. 2: a member of the people of ancient Latium. 3: a Catholic of the Latin rite.

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