Question: Which Cultures Laid The Foundation Of European Civilizations?

Where was the first European civilization located?

Explanation: The oldest known civilization in Europe was brewing in Crete, one of the islands that belongs to present-day Greece. It was a Minoan civilization, which began around 2000 BC, and lasted until 1400 BC, which was succeeded by later famous Greek civilizations.

How were the Romans able to build a strong state?

Rome became the most powerful state in the world by the first century BCE through a combination of military power, political flexibility, economic expansion, and more than a bit of good luck.

What effect did the wealth that Spain gained from its overseas expeditions have on Europe?

What effect did the wealth that Spain gained from its overseas expeditions have on Europe? Had more trade and immigration. made other european countris want to send their own explorers.

What is the oldest European civilization?

The first well-known literate civilization in Europe was that of the Minoans. The Minoan civilization was a Bronze Age civilization that arose on the island of Crete and flourished from approximately the 27th century BC to the 15th century BC.

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What is the oldest country in Europe?

Portugal The borders of Portugal were defined in 1139 CE, meaning it is officially the oldest nation in Europe. Before the country was acknowledged as Portugal, the area had passed through the hands of many empires and civilizations.

Who defeated the Roman Empire?

Finally, in 476, the Germanic leader Odoacer staged a revolt and deposed the Emperor Romulus Augustulus. From then on, no Roman emperor would ever again rule from a post in Italy, leading many to cite 476 as the year the Western Empire suffered its deathblow.

What caused the rise of Rome?

Early Rome. The rise of the Roman Empire can be traced back to Italy of the eighth century BCE. This was a period of cultural change, when the simple way of life of the peoples of central Italy was beginning to be affected by new influences from the eastern Mediterranean.

Why did the Romans want an empire?

The more wealthy and powerful the Romans became, the more able they were to further expand their empire. The Romans were not content with conquering land near to them. They realised that land further away might also have riches in them that would make Rome even more wealthy. Hence their drive to conquer Western Europe.

What were the negative effects of European exploration?

Colonization ruptured many ecosystems, bringing in new organisms while eliminating others. The Europeans brought many diseases with them that decimated Native American populations. Colonists and Native Americans alike looked to new plants as possible medicinal resources.

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What were the effects of European exploration?

European explorations led to the Columbian Exchange and an increase in international trade. European nations competed for colonies. The European economy underwent major changes. Today, as in the days of mercantilism, some groups want to restrict global trade to protect certain jobs and industries from competition.

How did exploration impact the world?

HOW DID EXPLORATION AFFECT THE WORLD? The world was opened up and new crops were introduced from one land to another. However, there were some disastrous effects. In the NEW WORLD, many native peoples died because they had no resistance to the European diseases that explorers and crews brought with them.

What are the four oldest civilization?

Only four ancient civilizations —Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Indus valley, and China—provided the basis for continuous cultural developments in the same location.

Which is oldest civilization?

The Sumerian civilization is the oldest civilization known to mankind. The term Sumer is today used to designate southern Mesopotamia. In 3000 BC, a flourishing urban civilization existed. The Sumerian civilization was predominantly agricultural and had community life.

Who is the most important person in European history?

These, in chronological order, are some of the most influential figures.

  • Alexander the Great 356 – 323 BCE.
  • Julius Caesar c.
  • Augustus (Octavian Caesar) 63 BCE – 14 CE.
  • Constantine the Great (Constantine I) c.
  • Clovis c.
  • Charlemagne 747 – 814.
  • Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain 1452 – 1516 / 1451 – 1504.

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