Question: Which Of The Following Languages Belongs To The Germanic Branch Of Indo-european?

What languages do we call Germanic languages?

The branch of Indo-European that English belongs to is called Germanic, and includes German, Dutch, Frisian, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian. All these languages are descended from one parent language, a dialect of Indo-European, which we can call Proto-Germanic (PG).

Which languages are Indo-European?

  • The Indo – European languages are a language family native to western and southern Eurasia.
  • Today, the most populous individual languages are Spanish, English, Hindustani (Hindi/Urdu), Portuguese, Bengali, Russian, and Punjabi, each with over 100 million native speakers.

Is Germanic Indo-European?

The Germanic languages are a branch of the Indo – European language family spoken natively by a population of about 515 million people mainly in Europe, North America, Oceania and Southern Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from Proto- Germanic, spoken in Iron Age Scandinavia.

Which languages are part of the Indo-European language family?

It consists of numerous Indo -Iranian languages, including Sanskrit, Hindi, and Farsi (Persian); Greek; Baltic languages such as Lithuanian and Latvian; Celtic languages such as Breton, Welsh, and Scottish and Irish Gaelic; Romance languages such as French, Spanish, Catalan, and Italian; Germanic languagessuch as German

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Is English Germanic or Latin?

English is a Germanic language, with a grammar and a core vocabulary inherited from Proto- Germanic. However, a significant portion of the English vocabulary comes from Romance and Latinate sources.

How many languages are Germanic?

Besides the obvious answer, German, there are at least 47 living Germanic languages around today. Most linguists talk about this language family in terms of three branches: the Northern, Eastern and Western Germanic languages. From these three branches, we can group all the Germanic languages we know today.

What is the oldest Indo European language?

Which Indo – European language is the oldest? The oldest attested Indo – European language is Hittite. There are records written in Hittite cuneiform from about 1650 BC (the Anitta text). Hittite loanwords and personal names have been found in Old Assyrian, dated as early as 2000 BC.

What race is Indo European?

As we now use the word, Aryans are people who speak Aryan, or Indo – European, languages. It is only in a secondary way that this word can be used as an ethnological term, describing community of race.

What is the root language of all languages?

The common ancestor of English, Latin, Greek, Russian, Gaelic, Hindi, and many other languages spoken in Europe and India is known as Proto-Indo-European, whereas the more recent common ancestor of just English, German, Dutch, Norwegian and the other Germanic languages is known as Proto-Germanic.

Which countries are Germanic?

Germanic -speaking Europe refers to the area of Europe that today uses a Germanic language. Countries

  • Austria.
  • Belgium (slightly more than 60% majority concentrated in Flanders and the German -speaking Community of Belgium)
  • Denmark.
  • Germany.
  • United Kingdom.
  • Netherlands.
  • Norway.
  • Sweden.
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Are Slavs Indo-European?

Slavs are a European ethno-linguistic group of people who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto- Slavic linguistic group of the Indo – European languages. Most Slavs are traditionally Christians.

Is polish a Germanic language?

The Polish language belongs to the Slavic language family, which is the third-largest language family in Europe behind the Romance languages and the Germanic languages. All of these language families descend from proto-Indo-European, and they’ve continued to splinter over time.

What are the three main language families in Europe?

Out of a total European population of 744 million as of 2018, some 94% are native speakers of an Indo- European language; within Indo- European, the three largest phyla are Romance, Germanic, and Slavic with more than 200 million speakers each, between them accounting for close to 90% of Europeans.

Why is it called Indo European language?

Indo european, the term was derived for the language family, as we have indo persian, indo germanic and other language family roots. In 1786, Sir William Jones, a British judge working in India, proposed a common ancestor for Greek, Latin, Sanskrit, Persian, German, and Celtic.

What are the four major Indo European languages?

The Indo – European language family has four main living branches: Indo -Iranian, Balto-Slavic, Germanic, and Italic. In the family tree provided below, the languages in the bottom boxes are the largest member language (s) of their respective branches.

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