- 1 What are MEPs in the EU?
- 2 What is the European Parliament and what does it do?
- 3 What are the three main roles of the European Union?
- 4 What does the EU have control over?
- 5 Who votes for the European Parliament?
- 6 Are EU members elected?
- 7 What powers does the European Parliament have?
- 8 What is the difference between European Commission and European Parliament?
- 9 How does the European Parliament make decisions?
- 10 Which is the most powerful EU institution?
- 11 What is EU rule law?
- 12 What role does the EU play in the world?
- 13 What is the difference between Europe and the European Union?
- 14 What are European values?
- 15 Why is EU law important?
What are MEPs in the EU?
A Member of the European Parliament (MEP) is a person who has been elected to serve as a popular representative in the European Parliament.
What is the European Parliament and what does it do?
It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. The European Parliament decides upon EU legislation, including the multiannual budget, together with the Council of the European Union ( EU Member State governments).
What are the three main roles of the European Union?
The European Union plays important roles in diplomacy, the promotion of human rights, trade, development and humanitarian aid and working with multilateral organisations.
- Contributor to peace.
- A responsible neighbour.
- Development partner.
- Human rights policy.
- Partner to the United Nations.
- Contributing to global security.
What does the EU have control over?
The EU negotiates free trade agreements with non-member countries. It also has power to impose sanctions on regimes breaking international law or oppressing their populations. It has imposed sanctions on countries such as Iran, Libya and Syria.
Who votes for the European Parliament?
Since 1979, the Parliament has been directly elected every five years by the citizens of the European Union through universal suffrage.
Are EU members elected?
Until 2019, 751 MEPs were elected to the European Parliament, which has been directly elected since 1979. No other EU institution is directly elected, with the Council of the European Union and the European Council being only indirectly legitimated through national elections.
What powers does the European Parliament have?
The Parliament is a co-legislator, it has the power to adopt and amend legislation and decides on the annual EU budget on an equal footing with the Council. It supervises the work of the Commission and other EU bodies and cooperates with national parliaments of EU countries to receive their input.
What is the difference between European Commission and European Parliament?
the European Parliament, which represents the EU’s citizens and is directly elected by them; the European Commission, which represents the interests of the Union as a whole.
How does the European Parliament make decisions?
The EU’s standard decision – making procedure is known as ‘Ordinary Legislative Procedure’ (ex “codecision”). This means that the directly elected European Parliament has to approve EU legislation together with the Council (the governments of the 27 EU countries).
Which is the most powerful EU institution?
The Commission is the most powerful institution in the EU but the Court of Justice is the most important. Discuss!
What is EU rule law?
The rule of law is one of the fundamental values of the Union, enshrined in Article 2 of the Treaty on European Union. The core of the rule of law is effective judicial protection, which requires the independence, quality and efficiency of national justice systems.
What role does the EU play in the world?
The EU plays an important role in diplomacy and works to foster stability, security and prosperity, democracy, fundamental freedoms and the rule of law at international level.
What is the difference between Europe and the European Union?
The European Union is not a state, but a unique partnership between European countries, known as Member States. Together they cover much of the European continent. Citizens of the EU Member States are also citizens of the European Union. The EU is currently made up of 27 countries.
What are European values?
It defines European Values as personal freedom, human dignity, solidarity, active civil society, market economy, democracy and rule of law.
Why is EU law important?
EU law is important because it ensures that the populations of the member states are treated, and treat others, equally. This is the highest court in Europe and makes binding decisions for all countries in the EU.