Quick Answer: Where Did European Colonization Of Australia And Oceania Begin?

Who first colonized Oceania?

The European colonization of Australia and Oceania defined the continent’s early political geography. Exploration began in the 16th century when Portuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan landed on the Mariana Islands.

When was Oceania colonized?

The subsequent expansion of these Austronesian speakers into Remote or Eastern Oceania began around 1200 BC and led to the colonization of the islands in the eastern Pacific Ocean. This expansion ended with the settlement and colonization of New Zealand around 1250 AD.

Where did the people of Oceania come from?

The islands of the Pacific were originally settled from Southeast Asia by two different groups of people at widely separated points in time. The first settlers of the Pacific, ancestors of present-day Melanesians and Australian Aboriginals, reached New Guinea and Australia roughly 40,000–60,000 years ago.

Which country of Australia Oceania is known by its indigenous people as Aotearoa?

New Zealand

New Zealand Aotearoa (Māori)
Capital Wellington 41°18′S 174°47′E
Largest city Auckland
Official languages Māori NZ Sign Language
Recognised national languages English
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Who named Oceania?

On 24 November 1642 Abel Tasman sighted the west coast of Tasmania, north of Macquarie Harbour. He named his discovery Van Diemen’s Land after Antonio van Diemen, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies. then claimed formal possession of the land on 3 December 1642.

What was Oceania before?

Oceania was originally conceived as the lands of the Pacific Ocean, stretching from the Strait of Malacca to the coast of the Americas. It comprised four regions: Polynesia, Micronesia, Malaysia (now called the Malay Archipelago), and Melanesia.

Who colonized the Pacific?

In 1668 the Spanish formally incorporated the islands to the Spanish East Indies and founded a colony on Guam as a resting place for the west-bound Manila galleons. The territory was ceded by Spain more than two centuries later, when in 1898 the United States took over the islands following the Spanish–American War.

What are the 3 land regions of Oceania?

Oceania also includes three island regions: Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia (including the U.S. state of Hawaii).

Is Australia part of Melanesia?

The Melanesia region includes Papua New Guinea, Australia and the island chains to the east including Vanuatu, New Caledonia and Fiji.

Why is Oceania important to the world?

Due to colonial neglect and historical isolation, the Pacific Islands, home to the world’s most diverse range of indigenous cultures, continue to sustain many ancestral life-ways. Fewer than 6.5 million in all, the peoples of Oceania possess a vast repository of cultural traditions and ecological adaptations.

Why did Austronesians avoid Australia?

Not so Australia, which being continental, had a less temperate climate. Jungles were thicker, crops scarcer, and food harder to find. As mentioned in other answers above, the ” Australians ” had more potent weapons, probably because of the need to hunt mammals, rather than fish.

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Which countries are in Oceania?

Oceania includes 14 countries: Australia, Micronesia, Fiji, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Nauru, New Zealand, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu and Vanuatu.

Which countries are in Australasia?

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  • Australia.
  • Fiji.
  • Guam.
  • New Zealand.
  • Papua New Guinea.
  • Samoa.
  • Solomon Islands.
  • Tonga.

What parts of Australia are habitable?

Shows that the vast majority of Australia’s population inhabited low-lying coastal plains in the east, southeast and southwest – almost 90 per cent of today’s Australians live within 50 kilometres of the coast.

In which country are Maoris the indigenous people?

Māori are the tangata whenua, the indigenous people, of New Zealand. They came here more than 1000 years ago from their mythical Polynesian homeland of Hawaiki. Today, one in seven New Zealanders identify as Māori.

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