- 1 Who appoints EU Commissioners?
- 2 What are the roles of the European Commission?
- 3 Who is the European Commission accountable to?
- 4 Who is the current British member of the European Commission?
- 5 Who appoints EU Commission President?
- 6 Can the European Parliament dismiss the commission?
- 7 What is the difference between the EU and the European Commission?
- 8 What is the difference between the European Commission and the European Council?
- 9 What is the most powerful EU institution?
- 10 How many commissioners are there in the European Commission?
- 11 Is the European Commission Political?
- 12 How is European Commission President elected?
- 13 Which countries have left the EU?
- 14 Which countries are not in the EU?
- 15 Is Turkey a member of the EU?
Who appoints EU Commissioners?
Member states nominate a candidate for the post, but in doing so they must take account of the European election results. Moreover, Parliament needs to approve the new Commission President by an absolute majority (half of the existing MEPs plus one).
What are the roles of the European Commission?
The Commission helps to shape the EU’s overall strategy, proposes new EU laws and policies, monitors their implementation and manages the EU budget. It also plays a significant role in supporting international development and delivering aid.
Who is the European Commission accountable to?
Commissioners may be compulsorily retired by the Court of Justice, at the request of the Council or of the Commission itself, if they breach any of the above obligations or have been guilty of serious misconduct (Article 247 TFEU). The Commission is collectively accountable to Parliament under Article 234 TFEU.
Who is the current British member of the European Commission?
Julian King (diplomat)
Who appoints EU Commission President?
Each new President is nominated by the European Council and formally elected by the European Parliament, for a five-year term.
|President of the European Commission|
|Term length||Five years, renewable|
|Constituting instrument||Treaties of the European Union|
Can the European Parliament dismiss the commission?
The European Parliament has the right to approve and dismiss the European Commission. The candidate is elected by the EP. The EP can censure the Commission and ultimately dismiss it.
What is the difference between the EU and the European Commission?
the European Parliament, which represents the EU’s citizens and is directly elected by them; the Council of the European Union, which represents the governments of the individual member countries. the European Commission, which represents the interests of the Union as a whole.
What is the difference between the European Commission and the European Council?
The Council of the European Union, known also as the ‘ Council of Ministers’, is the first of the EU’s two law-making bodies. Whereas the Commission represents the general interests of the European Union, the Council of the European Union represents the governments of the member states.
What is the most powerful EU institution?
The Commission is the most powerful institution in the EU but the Court of Justice is the most important. Discuss!
How many commissioners are there in the European Commission?
The Commission is composed of the College of Commissioners from 27 EU countries. Together, the 27 Members of the College are the Commission’s political leadership during a 5-year term. They are assigned responsibility for specific policy areas by the President.
Is the European Commission Political?
The European Commission is held democratically accountable by the European Parliament, which has the right to approve and dismiss the entire political leadership of the Commission. Every year, the Parliament chooses to give (or not) its blessing to the European Commission on the way it has managed the EU budget.
How is European Commission President elected?
European Council proposes a candidate for the European Commission President, taking into account the elections to the European Parliament and after having held the appropriate consultations. Members of the European Council vote by qualified majority.
Which countries have left the EU?
Three territories of EU member states have withdrawn: French Algeria (in 1962, upon independence), Greenland (in 1985, following a referendum) and Saint Barthélemy (in 2012), the latter two becoming Overseas Countries and Territories of the European Union.
Which countries are not in the EU?
The European countries that are not members of the EU:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina**
Is Turkey a member of the EU?
Turkey is one of the EU’s main partners and both are members of the European Union–Turkey Customs Union. Turkey has been an applicant to accede to the EU since 1987, but since 2016 accession negotiations have stalled. The EU has criticized Turkey for human rights violations and deficits in rule of law.