Readers ask: What If European Borders Were Drawn Arbitrarily?

What is arbitrary borders?

Arbitrary borders are set by governments or authorities; by war and treaties; by regulation, social and. institutional differences and personal boundaries. Millions of people worldwide have been forcibly moved to reserves or camps, detention, or marginal lands.

Are the boundaries drawn during the Berlin conference to blame for the political unrest in modern Africa?

By the end of the Conference the European powers had neatly divided Africa up amongst themselves, drawing the boundaries of Africa much as we know them today.

Are colonial era borders drawn by Europeans holding Africa back?

The borders were designed in European capitals at a time when Europeans had barely settled in Africa and had limited knowledge of local conditions. Despite their arbitrariness, these boundaries outlived the colonial era.

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What were the long term effects of the Berlin Conference?

The colonial footprint legitimized by the Berlin Conference has left lasting consequences that continue to influence Africa’s future even today. On one hand, the rash manner in which the imperialists left Africa resulted in severe problems such as political instability and land degradation.

How can borders affect society?

Borders can also serve to protect resources. Sometimes, the borders of U.S. congressional districts protect ethnic, religious, or economic communities. Citizens within these borders often vote as a unit, based on shared political beliefs.

What does arbitrary mean?

arbitrary AHR-buh-trair-ee adjective. 1: depending on individual discretion (as of a judge) and not fixed by law. 2: autocratic, despotic. 3 a: based on or determined by individual preference or convenience rather than by necessity or the intrinsic nature of something.

What were three conditions of the Berlin Conference of 1884 85?

What were three conditions of the Berlin Conference of 1884 – 85? Slave trade was allowed. Most lakes and waterways were considered neutral. Africa would be divided among European nations and America.

What did the 15 European countries who met at the Berlin conference in 1884 determine?

Explanation: Berlin Conference 1884 -85. (also known as the Congolese Conference and West African Conference ) regulated European colonization and trade in Africa. in other words legalized the wars, exterminations and looting of an entire continent.

What was the result of the Berlin Conference of 1884 85?

Its outcome, the General Act of the Berlin Conference, formalized the Scramble for Africa. The conference resolved to end slavery by African and Islamic powers. Thus, an international prohibition of the slave trade throughout their respected spheres was signed by the European members.

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What were the 3 main reasons for European imperialism in Africa?

The European imperialist push into Africa was motivated by three main factors, economic, political, and social. It developed in the nineteenth century following the collapse of the profitability of the slave trade, its abolition and suppression, as well as the expansion of the European capitalist Industrial Revolution.

Did Africa ever invade Europe?

Between the 1870s and 1900, Africa faced European imperialist aggression, diplomatic pressures, military invasions, and eventual conquest and colonization. By the early twentieth century, however, much of Africa, except Ethiopia and Liberia, had been colonized by European powers.

Why was Africa so easily conquered?

The European countries were able to colonise African countries rapidly because there were rivalries between African leaders. European powers could easily take control of any source of land by using force and violence.

What were the negative effects of the Berlin Conference?

Some of the negative impacts included, loss of land, enslavement in these new territories, natural resources being taken from the people, and European disease. The African people weren’t even asked or apart of the conference so they just had their land taken from them with no say at all.

Which European country gained the most land in Africa?

Great Britain won the most land in Africa and was “given” Nigeria, Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, and South Africa after defeating the Dutch Settlers and Zulu Nation. The agreements made in Berlin still affect the boundaries of African countries today.

Did the Berlin conference end slavery?

The Berlin Conference of 1884-1885, convened by Otto von Bismarck to discuss the future of Africa, had the stamping out slavery high on the agenda. The Berlin Act of 1885, signed by the 13 European powers attending the conference, included a resolution to ‘help in suppressing slavery ‘.

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