- 1 Where was the first major center of polyphony?
- 2 Did England adopt the Italian madrigal?
- 3 Where was the madrigal first developed?
- 4 Which country adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form?
- 5 How did musicians make money in the Middle Ages?
- 6 What was the most popular musical instrument of the Renaissance?
- 7 What is the Italian madrigal?
- 8 Why is Gregorian chant seldom heard today?
- 9 What is the difference between Italian madrigals and English madrigals?
- 10 Who was one of the most important English madrigal composers?
- 11 What was the primary language of the Mass?
- 12 Who invented polyphony?
- 13 Why is Renaissance painting considered more realistic?
- 14 What is the texture of the last line of fair Phyllis?
- 15 What musical style appeared in the early 1300s in France?
Where was the first major center of polyphony?
The first major center of polyphony was: c. Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris. Which of the following does NOT describe Gaude Maria virgo?
Did England adopt the Italian madrigal?
Most of the Italian forms, along with their designations, were adopted by Elizabethan England during the last half of the 16th century. Most leading English composers, from William Byrd and Thomas Morley to John Wilbye, Thomas Weelkes, and Orlando Gibbons, contributed to the vast treasury of English secular music.
Where was the madrigal first developed?
Madrigal, form of vocal chamber music that originated in northern Italy during the 14th century, declined and all but disappeared in the 15th, flourished anew in the 16th, and ultimately achieved international status in the late 16th and early 17th centuries.
Which country adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form?
England adopted the Italian madrigal and developed it into a native form. Italian madrigalists set words such as weeping, trembling, and dying with great expression.
How did musicians make money in the Middle Ages?
Instead of an orchestra being paid for by a prince, professional orchestra musicians now formed orchestras that sold tickets so people of the Middle Class could attend public concerts without needing to be invited to a nobleman’s palace to hear it. Musicians earned money paid for by ticket sales.
What was the most popular musical instrument of the Renaissance?
Recorder: The recorder was a common instrument during the Renaissance period. Rather than a reed, it uses a whistle mouthpiece as its main source of sound production. It is usually made with seven finger holes and a thumb hole.
What is the Italian madrigal?
A madrigal is a secular vocal music composition of the Renaissance (15th–16th c.) By the mid 16th century, Italian composers began merging the madrigal into the composition of the cantata and the dialogue; and by the early 17th century, the aria replaced the madrigal in opera.
Why is Gregorian chant seldom heard today?
Why is Gregorian chant seldom heard today? (1) It is very difficult to sing, and those who know it are dying out. (2) the Second Vatican Council of 1962-65 decreed the us of the vernacular in church services. (3) It is too old-fashioned for modern services.
What is the difference between Italian madrigals and English madrigals?
The English madrigals were more humorous and lighter, with simpler harmony and melody than the Italian madrigals. Italian also madrigals often had way more word painting to convey the deep emotion that it had.
Who was one of the most important English madrigal composers?
Thomas Weelkes, (baptized October 25, 1576, Elsted, Sussex?, England—died November 30, 1623, London), English organist and composer, one of the most important composers of madrigals.
What was the primary language of the Mass?
Christians in Rome adopted Latin and it became the Church’s language in the fourth century. Saint Jerome’s Bible translation into Latin is called the Vulgate because it used common (or “vulgar”) Latin. With Scripture in Latin, the Church adopted the Roman tongue for its mass everywhere.
Who invented polyphony?
European polyphony rose out of melismatic organum, the earliest harmonization of the chant. Twelfth-century composers, such as Léonin and Pérotin developed the organum that was introduced centuries earlier, and also added a third and fourth voice to the now homophonic chant.
Why is Renaissance painting considered more realistic?
Why is Renaissance painting considered more realistic than medieval painting? Renaissance painters discovered a perspective that made it possible to see the whole simultaneously. Religious belief became more personal during the Renaissance. Renaissance painters preferred symbolism to realism.
What is the texture of the last line of fair Phyllis?
What is the texture of the last line of Fair Phyllis? Madrigalisms enhanced the – content of the music.
What musical style appeared in the early 1300s in France?
Ars nova (Latin for new art) refers to a musical style which flourished in France and the Burgundian Low Countries in the late Middle Ages: more particularly, in the period between the preparation of the Roman de Fauvel (1310s) and the death of composer Guillaume de Machaut in 1377.