- 1 How many countries are currently voting members of the European Union?
- 2 How many votes does Spain get under QMV?
- 3 How EU members are elected?
- 4 What is the voting rule within the European Commission?
- 5 Which countries have left the EU?
- 6 Which countries are not EU?
- 7 Can a country veto EU law?
- 8 What is double majority voting EU?
- 9 What is a blocking minority in EU?
- 10 Are EU members elected?
- 11 Who controls the EU?
- 12 Who votes for the European Parliament?
- 13 How are EU decisions taken on taxation issues?
- 14 What is qualified majority in EU?
- 15 Who votes in the EU Commission?
How many countries are currently voting members of the European Union?
The Union currently counts 27 EU countries.
How many votes does Spain get under QMV?
The blocking minority was therefore 19 votes or 30.2 per cent. When Spain and Portugal joined the Community in 1986, Spain was given 8 votes and Portugal 5, bringing the total number of votes to the present 76, out of which 23 votes (30.3 per cent) represents a blocking minority.
How EU members are elected?
When the European Parliament (then known as the Common Assembly of the ECSC) first met in 1952, its members were directly appointed by the governments of member states from among those already sitting in their own national parliaments. Since 1979, however, MEPs have been elected by direct universal suffrage.
What is the voting rule within the European Commission?
Article 16 also states the conditions for a qualified majority, effective since 1 November 2014 (Lisbon rules ): Majority of countries: 55% (comprising at least 15 of them), or 72% if acting on a proposal from neither the Commission nor from the High Representative, and. Majority of population: 65%.
Which countries have left the EU?
Three territories of EU member states have withdrawn: French Algeria (in 1962, upon independence), Greenland (in 1985, following a referendum) and Saint Barthélemy (in 2012), the latter two becoming Overseas Countries and Territories of the European Union.
Which countries are not EU?
The European countries that are not members of the EU:
- Bosnia and Herzegovina**
Can a country veto EU law?
Each existing EU Member State has a veto over any new country joining, as well as a veto over the pace of negotiations and the terms on which it joins. Any Member State can leave the EU. This is described in a separate paper.
What is double majority voting EU?
In the European Union, double majority voting replaced artificial voting weights for votes requiring a qualified majority in the Council of the European Union following implementation of the Treaty of Lisbon.
What is a blocking minority in EU?
A blocking minority is the number of votes needed on the EU Council of Ministers to block a decision requiring to be made by qualified majority voting. A qualified majority required 260 of 352 votes.
Are EU members elected?
Until 2019, 751 MEPs were elected to the European Parliament, which has been directly elected since 1979. No other EU institution is directly elected, with the Council of the European Union and the European Council being only indirectly legitimated through national elections.
Who controls the EU?
The European Council sets the EU’s overall political direction – but has no powers to pass laws. Led by its President – currently Charles Michel – and comprising national heads of state or government and the President of the Commission, it meets for a few days at a time at least twice every 6 months.
Who votes for the European Parliament?
Since 1979, the Parliament has been directly elected every five years by the citizens of the European Union through universal suffrage.
How are EU decisions taken on taxation issues?
Every Member State represented in the European Council has the possibility of a national veto – so decisions on tax issues have to be taken unanimously by the 28 Member States. Decision -making in the EU was largely reformed, favoring qualified majority vote over the unanimity rule.
What is qualified majority in EU?
A qualified majority (QM) is the number of votes required in the Council for a decision to be adopted when issues are being debated on the basis of Article 16 of the Treaty on European Union and Article 238 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union.
Who votes in the EU Commission?
As the commission is the executive branch, candidates are chosen individually by the 27 national governments. Within the EU, the legitimacy of the commission is mainly drawn from the vote of approval that is required from the European Parliament, along with its power to dismiss the body.