What Is European Commission?

What is the role of the European Commission?

The Commission helps to shape the EU’s overall strategy, proposes new EU laws and policies, monitors their implementation and manages the EU budget. It also plays a significant role in supporting international development and delivering aid.

What is the difference between European Council and Commission?

The Council of the European Union, known also as the ‘ Council of Ministers’, is the first of the EU’s two law-making bodies. Whereas the Commission represents the general interests of the European Union, the Council of the European Union represents the governments of the member states.

What is the European Parliament and what does it do?

It is directly-elected and made up of 705 members (MEPs) representing all EU countries. The European Parliament decides upon EU legislation, including the multiannual budget, together with the Council of the European Union ( EU Member State governments).

Who are the members of the European Commission?

  • Executive Vice – President. Frans Timmermans.
  • Executive Vice – President. Margrethe Vestager.
  • Executive Vice – President. Valdis Dombrovskis.
  • High Representative/ Vice – President. Josep Borrell Fontelles.
  • Vice – President. Maroš Šefčovič
  • Vice – President. Věra Jourová
  • Vice – President. Dubravka Šuica.
  • Vice – President. Margaritis Schinas.
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Who controls the European Commission?

The European Council sets the EU’s overall political direction – but has no powers to pass laws. Led by its President – currently Charles Michel – and comprising national heads of state or government and the President of the Commission, it meets for a few days at a time at least twice every 6 months.

What is the most powerful EU institution?

The Commission is the most powerful institution in the EU but the Court of Justice is the most important. Discuss!

How much do European Parliament members earn?

Thus, since the 2009 elections, all MEPs receive a monthly pre-tax salary set at 38.5% of that of a judge at the European Court of Justice. As of July 1, 2019, the monthly salary is of €8,932.86, or just over €107,000 per year. MEPs also receive a general expenditure allowance of €4,563 per month.

Are EU members elected?

Until 2019, 751 MEPs were elected to the European Parliament, which has been directly elected since 1979. No other EU institution is directly elected, with the Council of the European Union and the European Council being only indirectly legitimated through national elections.

What powers does the European Parliament have?

The Parliament is a co-legislator, it has the power to adopt and amend legislation and decides on the annual EU budget on an equal footing with the Council. It supervises the work of the Commission and other EU bodies and cooperates with national parliaments of EU countries to receive their input.

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