Which European Discovered Australia?

When was Australia discovered by European explorers?

The European exploration of Australia first began in February 1606, when Dutch navigator Willem Janszoon landed in Cape York Peninsula and on October that year when Spanish explorer Luís Vaz de Torres sailed through, and navigated, Torres Strait islands.

Who founded Australia?

On January 26, 1788, Captain Arthur Phillip guides a fleet of 11 British ships carrying convicts to the colony of New South Wales, effectively founding Australia.

Was Captain Cook the first to discover Australia?

Captain James Cook (1728 – 1779) In 1770 Captain James Cook was the first European to explore and map the eastern coastline of Australia. It is often said the James Cook discovered Australia. This is NOT true. But he did claim the continent for Britain!

Did the French discover Australia?

The history of the French in Australia dates from the arrival of the La Perouse expedition at Botany Bay in January 1788, just days after the landing of the First Fleet, and French people have been living in Australia almost ever since.

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Is Australia still a British colony?

The final constitutional ties between the United Kingdom and Australia ended in 1986 with the passing of the Australia Act 1986. Due to Australia’s history as a colony of Britain, the two nations retain significant shared threads of cultural heritage, many of which are common to all English-speaking countries.

When was the first Aboriginal killed?

1838. Myall Creek massacre – 10 June: 28 people killed at Myall Creek near Inverell, New South Wales. This was the first Aboriginal massacre for which white European and black African settlers were successfully prosecuted.

What is the old name of Australia?

After British colonisation, the name New Holland was retained for several decades and the south polar continent continued to be called Terra Australis, sometimes shortened to Australia.

How old is Australia today?

Federation occurred on 1 January 1901, so that makes Australia as a country about 118 years and 8 months old.

What was Australia called before 1901?

Before 1900, there was no actual country called Australia, only the six colonies – New South Wales, Tasmania, South Australia, Victoria, Queensland, and Western Australia. While these colonies were on the same continent, they were governed like six rival countries and there was little communication between them.

When did aboriginals come to Australia?

Analysis of maternal genetic lineages revealed that Aboriginal populations moved into Australia around 50,000 years ago. They rapidly swept around the west and east coasts in parallel movements – meeting around the Nullarbor just west of modern-day Adelaide.

Which is the longest river of Australia?

The calculations confirmed that Australia’s longest single river is the River Murray at 2508 kilometres. Longest Rivers.

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NAME STATE LENGTH (km) approximate
River Murray New South Wales/South Australia 2508
Murrumbidgee River New South Wales/ Australian Capital Territory 1485

Where did cook first land in Australia?

The crew first sighted the mainland of Australia on 19 April 1770. James Cook and some of his crew landed at Kamay Botany Bay on 29 April 1770.

Why did the French want Australia?

Motivated by scientific interest and trade, French explorers began arriving on Australian shores. Over the ensuing decades, many French settlers would go on to become land owners, merchants and wine-makers. The Victorian gold rush of the 1850s saw many more French immigrants join their countrymen.

Why didn’t the French Colonise Australia?

French settlement in Australia was not to be, however, as the Napoleonic Wars prevented them from gaining a foothold, and after the country had recovered enough to start colonising once again, the entirety of Australia had been claimed by the British.

What did the French call Australia?

The next major French exploring party to spend time in Australia was the Baudin expedition, with orders to try and find out if there was a strait between the New Holland (West Australia ) and NSW and to claim Southern Australia, which they called Terre Napoleon, for France.

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