Which European Explorer Destroyed The Aztec Civilization?

Which European nation destroyed the Aztec empire?

Cortés’s victory destroyed the Aztec empire, and the Spanish began to consolidate control over what became the colony of New Spain. Conquest of the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlán by Hernán Cortés, 1521. Jay I. Kislak Collection—Rare Book and Special Collections Division/Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Who destroyed Tenochtitlan?

On 13 August 1521, after over two months of fighting, Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés succeeded in bringing about the fall of Tenochtitlan, the capital of the Aztec Empire, and consequently brought an end to Aztec civilisation.

Did the conquistadors kill the Aztecs?

Between 1519 and 1521, Spanish conquistadors, led by Hernán Cortés, overthrew the Aztec Empire. The Spanish conquest was devastating to the Aztec people. By 1680, 94% of the Aztec population had died.

What did Cortes do to the Aztecs?

After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Cortés ‘ men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtémoc, the Aztec emperor.

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How did the Aztec civilization end?

Invaders led by the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés overthrew the Aztec Empire by force and captured Tenochtitlan in 1521, bringing an end to Mesoamerica’s last great native civilization.

Did the Spaniards enslave the Aztecs?

Prior to the Spanish colonization of the Americas, slavery was a common institution among some Pre-Columbian indigenous peoples, particularly the Aztecs.

What caused the fall of Tenochtitlan?

Although numerous battles were fought between the Aztec Empire and the Spanish- led coalition, which was itself composed primarily of indigenous (mostly Tlaxcaltec) personnel, it was the siege of Tenochtitlan —its outcome probably largely determined by the effects of a smallpox epidemic (which devastated the Aztec

Did the Aztecs really think Cortes was a god?

An unnerving series of coincidences led Montezuma to believe that perhaps Cortés was the Aztec god Quetzalcoatl, who had promised to return one day to reclaim his kingdom. Quetzalcoatl, “the feathered serpent,” stood for the solar light, the morning star. He symbolized knowledge, arts, and religion.

Why did Tenochtitlan get destroyed?

Lacking food and ravaged by smallpox disease earlier introduced by one of the Spaniards, the Aztecs, now led by Cuauhtemoc, finally collapsed after 93 days of resistance on the fateful day of 13th of August, 1521 CE. Tenochtitlan was sacked and its monuments destroyed.

Why did the Aztecs eat humans?

The traditional explanation for Aztec human sacrifice has been that it was religious—a way of winning the support of the gods for success in battle. Victories procured even more victims, thus winning still more divine support in the next war.

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What language did the Aztecs speak?

Nahuatl, the most important of the Uto-Aztecan languages, was the language of the Aztec and Toltec civilizations of Mexico. A large body of literature in Nahuatl, produced by the Aztecs, survives from the 16th century, recorded in an orthography that was introduced by Spanish priests and based on that of Spanish.

How many did conquistadors kill?

More than 600 Spanish conquistadors were killed (some estimates ran to over 1,000), many no doubt weighed down by the gold they were carrying; several thousand Tlaxcalans were probably lost, too. Cortés retreated in a wide circle through the north of the valley and over the mountains back to Tlaxcala.

What did to eat dirt represent in Aztec cultures?

As he conveyed Montezuma’s will, Teudile put a damp finger to the earth and raised it to his lips (” to eat dirt ” was a gesture of respect in Aztec diplomacy), then he lit incense, and, to the Spaniards’ surprise, bled himself and offered them his blood on straws.

Did Cortes really burn his ships?

There, eager to march inland to the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan, Cortés destroyed 10 of his 11 ships, cutting off his men’s only hope of retreat and leaving them with no option but to head inland. The expedition ultimately destroyed the Aztec Empire and began the long and often brutal process of colonizing Mexico.

Who did the Aztecs sacrifice?

Aztec priests, using razor-sharp obsidian blades, sliced open the chests of sacrificial victims and offered their still-beating hearts to the gods. They then tossed the victims’ lifeless bodies down the steps of the towering Templo Mayor.

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